Interesting News

The 2nd International Conference on Sociality Culture and Humanities

The 2014 2nd International Conference on Sociality Culture and Humanities – ICSCH 2014, is held during June 22-23, 2014, in Moscow, Russia. ICSCH 2014, aims to bring together researchers, scientists, engineers, and scholar students to exchange and share their experiences, new ideas, and research results about all aspects of Sociality Culture and Humanities, and discuss the practical challenges encountered and the solutions adopted.

The conference is held every year to make it an ideal platform for people to share views and experiences in Humanities, Culture and Sociality and related areas. ICSCH 2014 is the premier forum for the presentation of new advances and research results in the fields of theoretical, experimental, and applied Sociality Culture and Humanities. The conference will bring together leading researchers, engineers and scientists in the domain of interest from around the world.

Topics of interest for submission include, but are not limited to:

* Anthropology

* Business

* Communities and Communications

* Economics, Financial and Industrial Systems

* Environmental studies

* Finance

* Human Rights Development

* Journalism

* Law and Justice

* Management

* Psychology

* Sociology

* Technology and Education

The Keynote Speakers of is Dr. Rimantas Dapkus (Kaunas University of Technology, Lithuania).

Event website: http://www.icsch.org/

Standard
Interesting News

12th International Conference on New Directions in the Humanities

The International Conference on New Directions in the Humanities is held from 11th to 13th June 2014 in Madrid, Spain. This interdisciplinary conference is a place to share humanities perspectives through cultural, literary, philosophical, political, linguistic, and educational studies.

The International Conference on New Directions in the Humanities provides spaces for dialogue and for the publication of new knowledge in the humanities. These forums support the work of scholars who are building upon settled traditions in the humanities while at the same time setting a renewed agenda for their future.

Techno-science and econo-production. These present themselves daily as enormously powerful forces, driving us alternately to doom or salvation. They weigh their domineering presence ever more heavily in places of learning and research, often at the expense of the humanities. Continue reading

Standard
Interesting News

Sociolinguistics and translation

For some scientists the bond between Sociolinguistics and translation is indeed «a very natural one, since Sociolinguistics deals primarily with language as it is used by society in communicating» and that the «different ways in which societies employ language in interpersonal relations are crucial for anyone concerned with translating» (Nida). Continue reading

Standard
Interesting News

General American Pronunciation

Taking into consideration American English variant it’s important to mention that the sociolinguistic situation in the USA is very complicated. It’s moulded by certain linguistic, cultural, historic, demographic, geographic, political and other factors. But in spite of that fact that there are different languages on the same territory, the balance is more in favour of American English. American English shows a lesser degree of dialect that British English due to some historical factors: the existence of Standard English when first English settlers came to America, the high mobility of population, internal migrations of different communities and so on.

In the United States there may be distinguished three main types of cultivated speech: Eastern type, the Southern type, Western or General American.

The Eastern type is spoken along the east coast of New England and largely in New York City. This type of American pronunciation bears a close resemblance to the Southern English type, which is explained by the fact, that the New England States were in closer contact with Britain during the colonization of America and reflected the changes, which had taken place in the pronunciation of London English by the end of the 18 century.

There are, however, some slight differences between the Eastern American type and RP. One of these is the use of a more advanced allophone of the /a:/ phoneme than in RP: a vowel sound intermediate between [æ] and [a:] and similar to the nucleus of the RP diphthong [aυ],e.g. [a˙sk] (ask), [d˙ans] (dance), [la˙f] (laugh).

The Southern type of American pronunciation is used in the south and southeast of the United States. Its most striking distinctive feature is the so-called Southern drawl, which is a specific way of pronouncing vowels, consisting in the diphthongization and even triphthongization at the expense of prolonging (“drawling”) their nuclei and dropping the glides. Thus, that may be pronounced
[ ðæiət] this – [ ðijǝs], cute – [kjuǝt], yes – [jeiǝs], fine – [fa:n], high – [ha:]. Southern American pronunciation has some features in common with RP: the dropping of [r], after [ɜ:], and [ə], the use of clear [l] before a vowel and some others.

The most widespread type of educated American speech is, however, neither the Eastern, nor the Southern. It is the type variously named Western, Midwestern, Central Western or General American (GA). It is not only the most widespread type, but also, like RP in Great Britain, the least regional in character. The close resemblance it has with the Northern British pronunciation. But this fact should not be interpreted as indicating that American English is a dialect of that type of British English. The close resemblance between two types of English pronunciation rather points to the fact that both of them are parallel developments form, or descendants of earlier standard London English.

General American is widely spread in the central Atlantic States: New Jersey, New York, Wisconsin…General American pronunciation is known to be the pronunciation standard of the USA. There are some reasons for it. General American is the form of speech used by the radio and television. It’s mostly used in scientific, cultural and business intercourse. Also in two important business centres – New York and St. Louis –GA is the prevailing form of speech and pronunciation, through New York is situated within the territory where Eastern American is spoken, and St. Louis is within the region of Southern American.

The global innovative processes, that are typical for modern English, reflect the linguistic reality in the system of pronunciation. So, this article helps to know more about the way of language development, gives a possibility to broaden knowledge about Received Pronunciation and General American Pronunciation and finally gives its readers additional information which is subject for further scientific investigations.

Standard
Articles

Types of communicative failures in situations of international communication by Vlada Lukina, Ulyanovsk, Russia

This paper examines the existence of communicative failures in situations of international communication and their influence on people’s relations. There were a total of 75 respondents who were equally divided into age level, social status and experience of communication with foreigners. Continue reading

Standard
Interesting News

Language in the Online and Offline World 4: The Latitude

The 3rd International Conference on Language, Medias and Culture is held in Surabaya, Indonesia from 27th to 28th May 2014.

Today’s world sees how online world influences the way we use language. Development in information technology changes interconnectivity and attitude toward linguistic norms. This situation has sparked interests in exploring language in the new atmosphere. Continue reading

Standard
Interesting News

Dialects (American and Canadian)

Midland American Accents

This is a vague term that applies to the American accents that lie between North and South, in states like Missouri, Southern Indiana, Southern Illisnois, Southern Pennsylvania, Kansas, Oklahoma, and pockets of a few other states. Accents here vary a good deal, but can best be described as being a combination of Northern and Southern features.

Prominent Features:There’s enough variety here that it is hard to pin down widespread features of this dialect area.

Accent Samples:

Western American Accents

This category covers the largest amount of territory, including most of the Mountain and Western states. Accents here can vary from sounding slightly Southern (as in parts of Colorado) to having a bit of a Canadian flavor (the Pacific Northwest).

Prominent Features: The one dominant feature here is something liguists call the Cot-Caught Merger meaning that words like thoughtpaw and caught are pronounced with the same vowel as notcod and rock.

Accent Samples:

Central Canadian English

We include Canadian accents in this American accents survey because they are part of the same dialect spectrum as the US. This accent is probably closest to English on the West Coast of the United States, which is rather remarkable in the case of cities like Toronto that are hundreds of miles away from the Pacific!

Prominent Features:

  • Most features are fairly similar to General American accents, with slightly different placing of the vowels.
  • Caught-Cot Merger, as in Western American accents (see explanation in that section, above).
  • Canadian Raising: The diphthongs in words like about and right are raised before voiceless consonants. Hence about becomes something like IPA əbɐʊt and right becomes something like IPA ɹɐit (i.e. “uh-boat” and “ruh-eet”).

Accent Samples:

Eastern Canadian English

This curious dialect group can be found in the Provinces of the Atlantic Coast. Many of these dialects maintain some Scottish or Irish features, as they were first settled by these groups. The most notable of these accents is the Newfoundland Dialect, which in some cases sounds much more like an Irish accent than a North American one. Other areas in the region, however, sound more like Central/Western Canada.

Conclusion

Of course, there are many more American accents than this. These are just the largest groupings of accents. There are any number of sub-dialects that are quite unique (New Orleans, African American Vernacular English, Chicago, etc.). Hopefully this guide will serve as a good jumping off point.

Standard